Validation of the adapted response to stressful experiences scale

Elizabeth A. Prosek, Warren N. Ponder, Azadeh Ahmadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


There is evidence to suggest that resilience may be a protective factor to moderate the experience of mental health symptoms among military personnel. The present study analyzed the validity and reliability of a full-scale and adapted measure of resilience from a sample of 470 U.S. military service Veterans receiving clinical services from a civilian nonprofit agency. Results of an exploratory factor analysis, a two-factor confirmatory factor analysis, and a single-factor confirmatory factor analysis indicated that while the Response to Stressful Experiences Scale (RSES) indicated a fair model fit for the sample, the brief measure of resilience (RSES-4) demonstrated a better factor structure (RMR = .017, GFI = .995, CFI = .994, TLI = .981, RMSEA = .057), criterion and concurrent validity, and acceptable internal consistency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-634
Number of pages6
JournalMilitary Psychology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology


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