Valuation uncertainty, home and host market uncertainty, and cross-border seasoned equity offerings

Lorraine Eden, Daniel C. Indro, Stewart R. Miller, Malika Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines how market timing can affect host market reaction to cross-border seasoned equity offerings (SEOs), an event generally viewed unfavorably by investors. We assume that firms engage in market timing in response to valuation uncertainty (VU), home market uncertainty (HMU) and/or host market uncertainty (HSU), and that raising capital abroad faces higher scrutiny costs and familiarity bias from host market investors. We conjecture that timing strategies provide signals that vary in strength to host market investors and that dual-timing strategies may strengthen an existing signal. Our hypotheses are tested on a sample of 190 cross-border SEOs that were issued on the U.S. stock market between 1990 and 2017 by firms from 29 countries. Using event study methodology, we find that market timing based on VU is negatively related to host market valuation and that a dual-timing strategy with HMU or HSU generally produces a stronger signal. Our results have practical relevance for stock markets that suffer from high uncertainty; we estimate that a high VU firm with a $1 billion valuation suffers a drop of $31.3 million in market valuation during a high host market uncertainty (high HSU) compared with low host market uncertainty (low HSU).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101808
JournalInternational Business Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Marketing


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