Van der Waals epitaxy and composition control of layered SnSx Se2-x alloy thin films

Joshua J. Fox, Xiaotian Zhang, Zakaria Y. Al Balushi, Mikhail Chubarov, Azimkhan Kozhakhmetov, Joan M. Redwing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Epitaxial SnSxSe2-x films with tunable band gap energies (1.0-2.2 eV) are of growing interest for photodetectors and 2D heterostructures for nanoscale electronics. In this study, powder vapor transport growth of SnSxSe2-x was investigated on c-plane sapphire and epitaxial graphene (EG)/6H-SiC substrates using tin, sulfur, and selenium powder sources in a heated tube furnace. The SnSxSe2-x composition was controlled by varying the sulfur and selenium source temperatures and the corresponding chalcogen vapor pressure ratio. Raman spectroscopy was used to determine the alloy composition of the films, and the optical properties were characterized using UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy. SnSxSe2-x grown on sapphire consisted of vertically oriented platelets. By contrast, large-area, planar coalesced SnSxSe2-x films grew on EG with low surface roughness indicative of a van der Waals growth mode. High-resolution X-ray diffraction h-2h scans and pole figure analysis confirm that the SnSxSe2-x films are c-axis oriented with epitaxial relation being 1120 SnSxSe2-x 1010 6H-SiC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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