Van der Waals interfaces in epitaxial vertical metal/2D/3D semiconductor heterojunctions of monolayer MoS2 and GaN

Dmitry Ruzmetov, Mahesh R. Neupane, Andrew Herzing, Terrance P. O'Regan, Alex Mazzoni, Matthew L. Chin, Robert A. Burke, Frank J. Crowne, A. Glen Birdwell, Decarlos E. Taylor, Andrei Kolmakov, Kehao Zhang, Joshua A. Robinson, Albert V. Davydov, Tony G. Ivanov

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16 Scopus citations


A promising approach for high speed and high power electronics is to integrate two-dimensional (2D) materials with conventional electronic components such as bulk (3D) semiconductors and metals. In this study we explore a basic integration step of inserting a single monolayer MoS2 (1L-MoS2) inside a Au/p-GaN junction and elucidate how it impacts the structural and electrical properties of the junction. Epitaxial 1L-MoS2 in the form of 1-2 μm triangle domains are grown by powder vaporization on a p-doped GaN substrate, and the Au capping layer is deposited by evaporation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the van der Waals interface indicates that 1L-MoS2 remained distinct and intact between the Au and GaN and that the Au is epitaxial to GaN only when the 1L-MoS2 is present. Quantitative TEM analyses of the van der Waals interfaces are performed and yielded the atomic plane spacings in the heterojunction. Electrical characterization of the all-epitaxial, vertical Au/1L-MoS2/p-GaN heterojunctions enables the derivations of Schottky barrier heights (SBH) and drawing of the band alignment diagram. Notably, 1L-MoS2 appears to be electronically semi-transparent, and thus can be considered as a modifier to the Au contact rather than an independent semiconductor component forming a pn-junction. The I-V analysis and our first principles calculation indicated Fermi level pinning and substantial band bending in GaN at the interface. Lastly, we illustrate how the depletion regions are formed in a bipolar junction with an ultrathin monolayer component using the calculated distribution of the charge density across the Au/1L-MoS2/GaN junction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045016
Journal2D Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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