Vertical ozone distribution over southern Africa and adjacent oceans during SAFARI-92

R. D. Diab, A. M. Thompson, M. Zunckel, G. J.R. Coetzee, J. Combrink, G. E. Bodeker, J. Fishman, F. Sokolic, D. P. McNamara, C. B. Archer, D. Nganga

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A set of four ozonesonde stations located at Ascension Island, Brazzaville, Okaukuejo, and Irene, operational during the TRACE A and SAFARI-92 experiments has provided an opportunity to investigate the vertical distribution of ozone over southern Africa and adjacent oceans. All stations display a springtime maximum in tropospheric ozone. Enhanced tropospheric ozone, which occurs between June and September at Brazzaville and between July and October at Ascension Island, is linked to dry season biomass burning. The influence of tropical biomass burning is delayed until September at Okaukuejo when a sharp increase in tropospheric ozone is experienced. The biomass burning influence at Irene is less because of its more southerly location. A general tropospheric enhancement is observed at all stations. It is manifest as an enriched layer in the upper troposphere at Okaukuejo (9-12 km) and Brazzaville (11-14 km) and in the lower troposphere (2-8 km) at Ascension Island. At Ascension Island lower tropospheric ozone values are about 20 parts per billion by volume greater than elsewhere and the tropospheric component here accounts for about 18% of the total column ozone. A series of tethersonde soundings conducted at hourly intervals at Okaukuejo revealed ozone to be well mixed in the lower boundary layer during the day, but to display marked vertical stratification at night.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23823-23833
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Issue number19
StatePublished - Oct 30 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Forestry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Palaeontology


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