Vibration energy harvesters with optimized geometry, design, and nonlinearity for robust direct current power delivery

Wen Cai, Ryan L. Harne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


With an ever-growing Internet-of-things, vibration energy harvesting has attracted broad attention to replace consumable batteries to power the many microelectronic devices. To this end, an energy harvester must deliver the required power to an electrical load over a long time horizon. Yet, design practices for energy harvesters often report strategies based on maximizing output voltage and wide frequency range of operation, which is not directly related to performance-robust functioning. Motivated to provide valuable insight to practical development of vibration energy harvesters, this research develops an analytical modeling framework and optimization technique to guide attention to piezoelectric laminated energy harvesting cantilevers with balanced and robust performance characteristics. The model is numerically and experimentally validated to confirm the efficacy of the optimization outcomes. The results indicate that laminated trapezoidal beam shapes with monostable configuration are the best solution to broaden the frequency range of enhanced dynamic behavior, minimize strain at the clamped beam end, and maximize the output voltage in a rectifier circuit. The results also find that the selection of tip mass may not be highly influential for the overall performance so long as the beam shape, beam length, and placement of nonlinearity-induced magnets are appropriately chosen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number075040
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 18 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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