Peter R. Bannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The virtual temperature of a moist air parcel is defined as the temperature of a dry air parcel having the same mass, volume, and pressure. It is shown here that a virtual air parcel can be formed diabatically by warming the parcel to its virtual temperature while replacing its water vapor with the equivalent mass of dry air under isobaric, isochoric conditions. Conversely a saturated virtual air parcel can be formed diabatically by cooling the parcel to its saturated virtual temperature while replacing some of its dry air with the equivalent mass of water vapor under isobaric, isochoric conditions. These processes of virtualization can be represented on a vapor pressure-temperature diagram. This diagram facilitates the comparison of the relative density of two moist air parcels at the same pressure. The effects of liquid and/or solid water can also be included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1405-1409
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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