Visualization and quantification of cathode channel flooding in PEM fuel cells

Irfan S. Hussaini, Chao Yang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

274 Scopus citations


An understanding of two-phase flow mechanisms in micro-channels is critical to water management in fuel cell applications. In this work, an in situ visualization study of cathode flooding in an operating fuel cell is presented. Gas relative humidities of 26%, 42% and 66%, current densities of 0.2, 0.5 and 0.8 A cm-2and flow stoichiometries ranging from 2 to 4 are used in this study which represent typical operating conditions for automotive applications. Results are presented in the form of a flow map depicting various two-phase flow patterns. The impact of flooding is also presented in terms of measurable parameters like two-phase pressure drop coefficient and voltage loss. A new parameter called wetted area ratio is introduced to characterize channel flooding and liquid water coverage on a gas diffusion layer, and its repeatability with multiple tests is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-451
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 15 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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