A facile strategy to prepare high-quality colloidal photonic crystals (PCs) with good visibility is proposed. Based on a high refractive-index material (zinc sulfide), highly monodispersed colloidal particles are successfully produced and assembled into long-range ordered crystalline colloidal arrays. The carbon-based materials are in situ incorporated with the long-range ordered colloidal PCs, which endows PCs with the combined characteristics to simultaneously achieve an intense photonic stop band and excellent control of incoherent light scattering. Owing to these merits, the obtained ZnS colloidal PCs have demonstrated strong brightness with the maximum reflectivity of 98%. Moreover, the coloration, saturation, and viewing angle are all improved. This study provides a straightforward and cost-effective strategy to create structural colors with high-quality visibility, which is expected to facilitate future applications of colloidal PCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics