Volatile fluxes integrated over four decades at Grimsvotn volcano, Iceland

A. M. Agustsdottir, S. L. Brantley

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Samples of the subglacial lake in the crater of the tholeiitic basaltic caldera Grimsvotn in Iceland were obtained by using a hot-water drill to sink two boreholes through the 250-m- thick ice shelf covering the lake. The crater lake is assumed to be closed, with respect to volatile components released from subsurface magma, except for periodic draining by jokulhlaups. From the periodicity and water chemistry of the jokulhlaups, the volcano's average release rates of carbon, sulfur, chlorine and fluorine between 1954 and 1991 are estimated to be 5.3 × 107 kg C yr-1, 5.3 × 10 6 kg S yr-1, 6.6 × 105 kg Cl yr-1, and 1.5 × 105 kg F yr-1. The emission rate estimates for Grimsvotn, one of the most active volcanoes in Iceland, are the longest integrated estimates obtained for an active volcano and are equal to or lower than those of other major active volcanoes worldwide. This difference may imply that published release rates for other volcanoes are overestimated, because they are usually not integrated over time. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9505-9522
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Issue numberB5
StatePublished - 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology


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