Vote turnout of Nineteenth Amendment women: the enduring effect of disenfranchisement

Glenn A. Firebaugh, K. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


"Nineteenth Amendment women' are women in the US who came of age during or just after the era when women could not vote. The roughly 4000 such women included in the National Election Studies of 1952-88 provide an unusual opportunity for testing whether general historical conditions during childhood and adolescence have enduring effects. Despite common claims of cohort effects, some scholars remain skeptical because cohort effects are notoriously difficult to distinguish from age and period effects. Nineteenth Amendment women were less likely to vote in the 1952-88 elections and this gender gap is unique to the amendment cohorts. These results provide strong evidence for the enduring effects of a cohort's historical conditioning. -Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)972-996
Number of pages25
JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Sociology and Political Science


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