Wake-Up in Al1−xBxN Ferroelectric Films

Wanlin Zhu, Fan He, John Hayden, Zhongming Fan, Jung In Yang, Jon Paul Maria, Susan Trolier-McKinstry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


The polarization wake-up process is demonstrated here for ferroelectric switching in epitaxial Al0.93B0.07N films on W coated c-axis oriented Al2O3 (sapphire) substrates. During the wake-up process, the remanent polarization grows from ≈0 to >100 µC cm−2. As it does so, both the reversible and irreversible Rayleigh coefficients rise substantially, suggesting that the concentration of mobile interfaces that separate regions of opposite dipole orientation is increasing. The irreversible Rayleigh coefficient is very small (≈3.5 × 10−4 cm kV−1), four to five orders of magnitude below those of perovskite ferroelectric films such as PbZr0.52Ti0.48O3. These small values are consistent with the high coercive fields observed in the nitride ferroelectrics. The temperature dependence of the Rayleigh coefficients suggests that the interface motion is thermally activated. On increasing frequency, the Rayleigh coefficients drop, suggesting time-dependent pinning processes also occur in this family of materials. With information from anisotropic etching experiments upon field-cycling, a self-consistent model that describes a polar domain microstructure evolution process during wake-up is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2100931
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials


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