Wall shear-rate estimation within the 50cc Penn State artificial heart using particle image velocimetry

Pramote Hochareon, Keefe B. Manning, Arnold A. Fontaine, John M. Tarbell, Steven Deutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Particle image velocimetry (PIV) has been gaining acceptance as a routine tool to evaluate the flow fields associated with fluid mechanical devices. We have developed algorithms to investigate the wall shear-rates within the 50cc Penn State artificial heart using low magnification, conventional particle image velocimetry (PIV). Wall shear has been implicated in clot formation, a major post-implant problem with artificial hearts. To address the issues of wall scattering and incomplete measurement volumes, associated with near wall measurements, we have introduced a zero masking and a fluid centroid shifting technique. Simulations using different velocity fields were conducted with the techniques to assess their viability. Subsequently, the techniques were applied to the experimental data collected. The results indicate that the size of the interrogation region should be chosen to be as small as possible to maximize resolution while large enough to ensure an adequate number of particles per region. In the current study, a 16×16 interrogation window performed well with good spatial resolution and particle density for the estimation o wall shear rate. The techniques developed with PIV allow wall shear-rate estimates to be obtained from a large number of sites at one time. Because a planar image of a flow field can be determined relatively rapidly, PIV may prove useful in any preliminary design procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-437
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biomechanical Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Physiology (medical)


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