Warming drives ecological community changes linked to host-associated microbiome dysbiosis

Sasha E. Greenspan, Gustavo H. Migliorini, Mariana L. Lyra, Mariana R. Pontes, Tamilie Carvalho, Luisa P. Ribeiro, Diego Moura-Campos, Célio F.B. Haddad, Luís Felipe Toledo, Gustavo Q. Romero, C. Guilherme Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Anthropogenic climate warming affects many biological systems, ranging in scale from microbiomes to biomes. In many animals, warming-related fitness depression appears more closely linked to changes in ecological community interactions than to direct thermal stress. This biotic community framework is commonly applied to warming studies at the scale of ecosystems but is rarely applied at the scale of microbiomes. Here, we used replicated bromeliad microecosystems to show warming effects on tadpole gut microbiome dysbiosis mediated through biotic community interactions. Warming shifted environmental bacteria and arthropod community composition, with linkages to changes in microbial recruitment that promoted dysbiosis and stunted tadpole growth. Tadpole growth was more strongly associated with cascading effects of warming on gut dysbiosis than with direct warming effects or indirect effects on food resources. These results suggest that assessing warming effects on animal health requires an ecological community perspective on microbiome structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1057-1061
Number of pages5
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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