Water curriculum evaluation for educators in Pennsylvania

Joshua B. Gruver, Sanford S. Smith, James C. Finley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Results are presented from a formal evaluation of The Pennsylvania Bureau of State Park's Watershed Education (WE) curriculum developed for students in grades 6-12. The primary research objective was to measure the impact the training and subsequent use of the WE curriculum had on teachers' behavior, confidence, and self-efficacy in teaching about watersheds. A statewide mail survey measured these attributes in both curriculum participants and non-participants. Comparisons between the two populations revealed that teachers who participated in the WE training, and who use the curriculum in their classrooms, exhibit a higher degree of pro-watershed behavior inside and outside the classroom than do non-participants. Additionally, participants exhibit greater confidence and self-efficacy than teachers who have not participated in the WE training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-170
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Environmental Education and Communication
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Communication
  • Environmental Science(all)


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