Weakly coupled relaxor behavior of BaTiO3-BiScO3 ceramics

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The structural and dielectric properties of (1-x)BaTiO3- xBiScO3 (x=0-0.5) ceramics were investigated to acquire a better understanding of the binary system, including determination of the symmetry of the phases, the associated dielectric properties, and the differences in the roles of Bi2O3 and BiScO3 substitutions in a BaTiO3 solid solution. The solubility limit for BiScO3 into the BaTiO3 perovskite structure was determined to be about x=0.4. A systematic structural change from the ferroelectric tetragonal phase to a pseudo-cubic one was observed at about x=0.05-0.075 at room temperature. Dielectric measurements revealed a gradual change from proper ferroelectric behavior in pure BaTiO3 to highly diffusive and dispersive relaxor-like characteristics from 10 to 40 mol% BiScO3. Several of the compositions showed high relative permittivities with low-temperature coefficients of capacitance over a wide range of temperature. Quantification of the relaxation behavior was obtained through the Vogel-Fulcher model, which yielded an activation energy of 0.2-0.3 eV. The attempt characteristic frequency was 1013 Hz and the freezing temperature, Tf, ranged from -177° to -93°C as a function of composition. The high coercive fields, low remanent polarization, and high activation energies suggest that in the BiScO3-BaTiO3 solid solutions, the polarization in nanopolar regions is weakly coupled from region to region, limiting the ability to obtain long-range dipole ordering in these relaxors under field-cooled conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-118
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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