What about race? internalised dominance in the Opt Out Florida movement

Elizabeth Currin, Stephanie Schroeder, Todd McCardle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Opt Out Florida, a largely White, middle-class social movement comprised of parents–most often, mothers–opposed to high-stakes standardised testing in U.S. public schools, has received media criticism for its homogeneity. This article elucidates that trend while simultaneously offering a more nuanced view, using theories of internalised dominance, colourblindness, and powerblindness to analyse Opt Out members’ racial story lines and testimonies. These discursive frames underscore the paradox of a White, middle-class movement purportedly acting for social justice aims: to democratically solve the problem of high-stakes testing, Opt Out members must seek out diverse perspectives. Otherwise, they are not just opting out, but missing out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-217
Number of pages19
JournalWhiteness and Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Education
  • Demography


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