Who gets acknowledged: Measuring scientific contributions through automatic acknowledgment indexing

C. Lee Giles, Isaac G. Councill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


Acknowledgments in research publications, like citations, indicate influential contributions to scientific work. However, acknowledgments are different from citations; whereas citations are formal expressions of debt, acknowledgments are arguably more personal, singular, or private expressions of appreciation and contribution. Furthermore, many sources of research funding expect researchers to acknowledge any support that contributed to the published work. Just as citation indexing proved to be an important tool for evaluating research contributions, we argue that acknowledgments can be considered as a metric parallel to citations in the academic audit process. We have developed automated methods for acknowledgment extraction and analysis and show that combining acknowledgment analysis with citation indexing yields a measurable impact of the efficacy of various individuals as well as government, corporate, and university sponsors of scientific work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17599-17604
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number51
StatePublished - Dec 21 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Who gets acknowledged: Measuring scientific contributions through automatic acknowledgment indexing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this