Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is a key evolutionarily conserved process whereby decreases in endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ content lead to the influx of Ca2+ across the plasma membrane. How this process is regulated in specific tumor cell types is poorly understood. In an effort to address this concern, we obtained and tested primary Wilms tumor cells, finding no detectable SOCE in this cell type. Analysis of the expression levels of STIM1 and ORAI1 (the molecular mediators of SOC) revealed poor STIM1 expression. Analysis of the STIM1 promoter using the TESS search system (University of Pennsylvania) revealed four putative response elements to the zinc-finger proteins WT1 (Wilms tumor suppressor 1) and EGR1 (early growth response 1). Either overexpression of WT1 or knockdown of EGR1 resulted in loss of STIM1 expression and a resultant decrease in SOCE. Furthermore, examination of Egr1 knock-out animals revealed loss of STIM1 expression in multiple tissues. Finally, using chromatin immunoprecipitation, we reveal direct binding of both WT1 and EGR1 to putative response elements located within 500 bp of the transcriptional start site of STIM1. Considering that WT1 and EGR1 are well described oncogenes and tumor suppressors, these observations may reveal new mechanisms responsible for distinct Ca2+ signals in cancer cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology