Work-family conflict, psychological distress, and sleep deficiency among patient care workers

Henrik B. Jacobsen, Silje Endresen Reme, Grace Sembajwe, Karen Hopcia, Anne M. Stoddard, Christopher Kenwood, Tore C. Stiles, Glorian Sorensen, Orfeu M. Buxton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


This study examined whether work-family conflict was associated with sleep deficiencies, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. In this two-phase study, a workplace health survey was completed by a cohort of patient care workers (n = 1,572). Additional data were collected 2 years later from a subsample of the original respondents (n = 102). Self-reported measures included work-family conflict, workplace factors, and sleep outcomes. The participants were 90% women, with a mean age of 41 ± 11.7 years. At baseline, after adjusting for covariates, higher levels of work-family conflict were significantly associated with sleep deficiency. Higher levels of work-family conflict also predicted sleep insufficiency nearly 2 years later. The first study to determine the predictive association between work-family conflict and sleep deficiency suggests that future sleep interventions should include a specific focus on work-family conflict.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-291
Number of pages10
JournalWorkplace Health and Safety
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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