Work-group characteristics and performance in collectivistic and individualistic cultures

John J. Sosik, Dong I. Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The authors conducted a cross-cultural longitudinal investigation of the effects of culture (individualism-collectivism dichotomy) on group characteristics (functional heterogeneity, preference for teamwork, group potency, outcome expectation) and on performance of 83 work groups performing 2 decision-making tasks over a 15-week period. The individualists (U.S. students) reported higher levels of functional heterogeneity and group potency and attained higher levels of group performance than did the collectivists (Korean students). In addition, culture and time interacted to influence ratings of group potency and outcome expectation. The difference in ratings of group potency between individualists and collectivists increased over time. Outcome expectation was greater among the collectivists in Time 1 and among the individualists in Time 2. The authors discuss implications for future cross-cultural group research and international management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-23
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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