X-ray-Based Techniques to Study the Nano-Bio Interface

Carlos Sanchez-Cano, Ramon A. Alvarez-Puebla, John M. Abendroth, Tobias Beck, Robert Blick, Yuan Cao, Frank Caruso, Indranath Chakraborty, Henry N. Chapman, Chunying Chen, Bruce E. Cohen, Andre L.C. Conceição, David P. Cormode, Daxiang Cui, Kenneth A. Dawson, Gerald Falkenberg, Chunhai Fan, Neus Feliu, Mingyuan Gao, Elisabetta GargioniClaus C. Glüer, Florian Grüner, Moustapha Hassan, Yong Hu, Yalan Huang, Samuel Huber, Nils Huse, Yanan Kang, Ali Khademhosseini, Thomas F. Keller, Christian Körnig, Nicholas A. Kotov, Dorota Koziej, Xing Jie Liang, Beibei Liu, Sijin Liu, Yang Liu, Ziyao Liu, Luis M. Liz-Marzán, Xiaowei Ma, Andres Machicote, Wolfgang Maison, Adrian P. Mancuso, Saad Megahed, Bert Nickel, Ferdinand Otto, Cristina Palencia, Sakura Pascarelli, Arwen Pearson, Oula Peñate-Medina, Bing Qi, Joachim Rädler, Joseph J. Richardson, Axel Rosenhahn, Kai Rothkamm, Michael Rübhausen, Milan K. Sanyal, Raymond E. Schaak, Heinz Peter Schlemmer, Marius Schmidt, Oliver Schmutzler, Theo Schotten, Florian Schulz, A. K. Sood, Kathryn M. Spiers, Theresa Staufer, Dominik M. Stemer, Andreas Stierle, Xing Sun, Gohar Tsakanova, Paul S. Weiss, Horst Weller, Fabian Westermeier, Ming Xu, Huijie Yan, Yuan Zeng, Ying Zhao, Yuliang Zhao, Dingcheng Zhu, Ying Zhu, Wolfgang J. Parak

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


X-ray-based analytics are routinely applied in many fields, including physics, chemistry, materials science, and engineering. The full potential of such techniques in the life sciences and medicine, however, has not yet been fully exploited. We highlight current and upcoming advances in this direction. We describe different X-ray-based methodologies (including those performed at synchrotron light sources and X-ray free-electron lasers) and their potentials for application to investigate the nano-bio interface. The discussion is predominantly guided by asking how such methods could better help to understand and to improve nanoparticle-based drug delivery, though the concepts also apply to nano-bio interactions in general. We discuss current limitations and how they might be overcome, particularly for future use in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3754-3807
Number of pages54
JournalACS nano
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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